The following guidelines have been developed to assist university personnel in developing Web documents that comply with the minimally accepted standards that Texas State Web documents must meet. By using the following guidelines in the design and programming of Web documents, you ensure that all Internet users can use your Web site, regardless of their disability or the limitations of their equipment or software. While these guidelines present the minimally acceptable standards of accessibility, Web page developers are strongly encouraged to maximize the accessibility of their pages for universal access by referring to the complete text at the Web locations specified at the end of these guidelines.
- Guideline 1: Provide an alternative tag or text for every graphic or multimedia element. Although some people cannot use images, movies, sounds, applets, etc., directly, they may still use pages that include equivalent information to the visual or auditory content.
- Guideline 2: Provide descriptive text links, but not overly wordy.
- Guideline 3: Ensure that information is not conveyed through color alone. Provide simple backgrounds with enough contrast between colors. For example, when asking for input from users, avoid using "Please select an item from those listed in green."
- Guideline 4: When using Image Maps, use client-side image maps and provide an alternative method of selecting the imbedded links.
- Guideline 5: Provide alternatives to the use of non-standard text formatting and layout.
- Guideline 6: Avoid using frames to layout a website.
- Guideline 7: Provide alternative text-only pages when using moving or changing text (marquees and blink tags) or any Java or Active X markup.
- Guideline 8: Only use non-HTML formats (e.g., PDF files) as alternatives or enhancements to HTML files, not as replacements.
- Guideline 9: Provide an alternative to online forms.
- Guideline 10: Avoid the use of proprietary HTML markup language.
- Guideline 11: Test your pages in a variety of browsers, and on different operating systems.
For more information on accessible web page design, refer to the links below:
World Wide Web Consortium Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0,
The HTML Writers Guild, Inc. AWARE (Accessible Web Authoring Resources and Education) Center's Best Web Accessibility Sites, including Universities and Research Centers
If you have questions or need assistance with bringing a web site into compliance, please contact the Texas State Webmaster at 512-245-3641.